The Iberian lynx (L. pardinus), which is also known as the Spanish lynx or the Pardel lynx, bears a strong resemblance to the Eurasian lynx but may be distinguished by its smaller size; short, dark-tipped tail; and the presence of long, white, beardlike…. In 2010, intense rain and health issues resulted in lower reproductive success—14 born, 8 surviving[67]—but the next year, breeding centers recorded 45 births with 26 surviving kittens. [69] In 2017, the total population of Iberian lynx reached 475 specimens. Experts are evenly divided on this subject, but for now, it remains a separate species based on its marked adaptive differences for prey capture. 3.6 They like dense forests and also places where there are lots of vegetation cover such as grass, reeds and shrubs. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Its closest living relative is the Eurasian lynx. It has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List since 2014. They mainly hunt at night and use their excellent eyesight to catch rabbits. Latin name. [24], The Iberian species has low adaptability—it continued to rely heavily on rabbits (75% of its food intake) despite the latter's repeated population crashes due to myxomatosis and rabbit haemorrhagic disease. A litter consists of two or three (rarely one, four or five) kittens weighing between 200 and 250 grams (7.1 and 8.8 oz). Every year, several Iberian lynxes die when trying to cross highways with heavy traffic. [65] As of 2020, there are around 140 individuals in the wild in Portugal spread through an area of approximately 50,000 hectares, 50 of them are cubs. They are ranked from Category 1 (critical) to Category 5 (common-low conservation priority). A lynx (/ l ɪ ŋ k s /; plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.The name lynx originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk-('light, brightness') in reference to the … The word Lynx means to shine and the name comes from the fact that these animals have eyes that shine. It can reach up to 54 pounds, head and body up to three feet, seven inches, tail up to five inches. The most rare species of Lynx is the Spanish Lynx. They have a flared facial ruff, long prominent black ear tufts, and long hind legs with a short black tipped tail. Siblings become violent towards one another between 30 and 60 days, peaking at 45 days. Principal Threats: The largest threat facing this Lynx is habitat destruction and the destruction of its prey base. One thing you'll notice right away when you see an Iberian lynx is their ears! [12] Despite being far from where it should be, the Iberian lynx’s conservation status has actually … In the 20th century, the Iberian lynx population had declined because of overhunting and poaching, fragmentation of suitable habitats; the population of its main prey species, the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), experienced a severe decline caused by Females are smaller with a head-to-body-length of approximately 68.2–77.5 cm (26.9–30.5 in) and a weight of 9.2–10 kg (20–22 lb). In March 2009, it was reported that 27 kittens had been born since the beginning of the program. Their large, wide-spreading feet are covered in fur, which act like snowshoes, and are effective in supporting the cat’s weight on the snow. Its diet primarily consists of rabbits and hare, but will hunt deer, ducks, and fish. Built in Snowshoes– Species native to harsh winters, such as Canadian and … Population. Siberian lynx commonly hunt prey three to four times their size. [35] Climate change may threaten the Iberian lynx, as it is not able to adapt well to a climate change. Bobcat is prevalent in southern Canada. These may reduce its immunity and cause … The genetic diversity of the Iberian lynx is lower than in any other genetically impoverished felid, which is a consequence of fragmentation, a population bottleneck, and isolation of population units. By the time they started building a resistance to this disease and the numbers started to recover, a new disease –viral hemorrhagic pneumonia – took its place and killed a large number of adult rabbits. It is unknown why these episodes of aggression occur, though many scientists believe it is related to a change in hormones when a kitten switches from its mother's milk to meat. It also has the tuft under the chin that resembles a human beard. FUN FACTS. Status. Iberian lynxes can be observed in captivity at the Jerez Zoo, [74] at the Lisbon Zoo since December 2014,[75] and since July 2016 at the Madrid Zoo. The conservation effort taken to prevent the Iberian Lynx’s extinction has paid out, and from a shrinking population of less than 100 … [23] A male requires one rabbit per day while a female raising kittens will eat three per day. [31] Iberian lynx are polygynous, with one male mating with multiple females, but in northern Donana National Park, where the amount of suitable territories is small and intersexual competition is increasing, males must have smaller territories, which are more easy to defend against rival males, and so they focus on defending their … The Jerez animals integrate the breeding program, the two Lisbon lynxes were formerly in the Portuguese breeding center but are no longer suited for the program (the female had multiple failed pregnancies and the male has a form of epilepsy),[77] and the two Madrid lynxes were equally retired from the breeding program for not being suited for reproduction. Iberian Lynx news . [60] She became the first Iberian lynx to breed in captivity, giving birth to three healthy kittens on 29 March 2005 at the El Acebuche Breeding Center, in the Doñana Nature Park in Huelva, Spain. It is listed on CITES Appendix I, on Appendix II of the Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats and on Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive of the European Union. [18], The Iberian lynx prefers heterogeneous environments of open grassland mixed with dense shrubs such as strawberry tree, mastic, and juniper, and trees such as holm oak and cork oak. They are well-adapted to living in a number of different habitats, and have many specific traits to aid in their survival. The weight of a full-grown adult ranges from 18 to 36 kg (about 40 to 80 pounds), and its length ranges from 70 to 130 cm (about 28 to 51 inches). [1], The Iberian lynx genetically diverged as an unique species 1.98 to 0.7 million years ago. They can even kill reindeer when given the opportunity. [3][4][5], By the turn of the 21st century, the Iberian lynx was on the verge of extinction, as only 94 individuals survived in two isolated subpopulations in Andalusia in 2002. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These predators are mostly active after sunset, but may exhibit diurnal activity during winter when food is limited. Five lynx remains found in Arene Candide in northern Italy date to about 24,820–18,620 before present. Iberian lynx facts. It is a monotypic species. Survival of the young depends heavily on the availability of prey species. 2. The maximum longevity in the wild is 13 years.[26][27]. [43] Since 2010, the species has also been released in Guarrizas. The Iberian lynx has been declared to be the most endangered lynx cat out of the four species of the lynx cats, with several statistical evidence showing that their population is less than 300 in areas of Spain. During the mating season the female leaves her territory in search of a male. [59], In 2002, the Jerez Zoo confirmed it had three females and was developing a plan for a captive breeding program. [62], In Portugal the Centro Nacional de Reprodução do Lince-Ibérico (CNRLI) established a breeding center in Silves[63][64] and has since nurtured 122 individuals all born in the breeding center, of which 89 survived. There are four different species of cats in the “lynx” genus, Canadian lynx, bobcat, Eurasian lynx, and Iberian lynx. Size and Appearance: The Iberian Lynx is similar in its appearance to the Eurasian Lynx, but about half its size. [49], The presence of Iberian lynxes in Portugal, particularly in the south, has been verified. [47] A study published in July 2013 in Nature Climate Change advised that reintroduction programs take place in northern Iberia, suggesting that climate change would threaten rabbits in the south. Rather fittingly in time with the announcement of our latest event in support of this animal and its habitat, this week we’re taking a look at the Iberian lynx.
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